It has been reported that bed bugs are making a comeback in North America. It has been estimated that around 20 percent of all households in the continent may be infested with bed bugs. While bed bugs are not known to transmit disease, the bites can be very irritating and itchy and can also be very unsightly. Here are some information about bed bugs which hopefully will help you effectively deal with these pests.

What are bed bugs?

Known scientifically as Cimex lectularius (Cimicidae), bed bugs are small wingless insects that feed on the blood of warm bloodied animals, which include us humans. They are called bed bugs since their preferred habitat are in human homes, particularly the beds. They can also be found in mattresses, luggage, and soft furnishings.

Bed bugs have oval bodies, six legs, and are reddish brown in color. They closely resemble the dog tick, with the adult bed bugs about one-fourth inch long. They enlarge upon feeding with the colors changing brownish to reddish or bright red for the translucent nymphs.

How do we deal with bed bug bites?

In most cases, bed bug bites do not require treatment and may disappear after about a week or more. However, these bites can be very itchy that frequent scratching may lead to problems such as infections. Many have complained that they can hardly get any sleep due to the itchiness.

Bed bud bites should be cleaned with soap and water. Scratching should be avoided as much as possible in order to prevent secondary infections. Symptoms of these infections would include swelling, tenderness, and fever in some cases. Like any infections, these may also be managed by antibiotics that may be prescribed by your healthcare provider. For the severe itching, topical creams or oral antihistamines may be availed to provide some relief and to reduce the risk of infection on the bites site.

How do we get rid of bed bugs?

Unlike many other pests or insects, bed bugs are not easy to eradicate on your own. Majority of the professional pest control companies even admit that bed bugs can be the most difficult to remove. It is highly recommended to get the services of the experts if you desire to get rid of these pests. They may also offer useful suggestions in controlling and preventing the reappearance of these pests. Even government bodies have strongly endorsed the use of professional services in the matter of bed bugs, being fully aware of the difficulty in eradicating these insects.

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